Do you understand the differences between palliative care and hospice care?
If you’re unsure, you’re certainly not alone and even people who do understand the differences, don’t always properly distinguish between them for the rest of us. As a result, confusion continues.
I must admit my knowledge about both was limited until my mother was hospitalized in 2008 due to her rapidly progressing metastatic breast cancer. During her stay at Mayo Clinic’s St. Mary’s Hospital in Rochester, Minnesota, I vividly recall when a palliative care information team entered her room one afternoon to discuss it. My mind immediately jumped to hospice care – this must be the end. My next leap was – get out! What I did actually say to them I have no idea, but I do remember initially sitting there stewing…
So yes, even an esteemed institution such as Mayo Clinic did not initially provide the best explanation to my family about the differences between palliative care and hospice care. Or maybe it was just me. Admittedly, my mind was in a fuddle at the time. And I realize now that we could have certainly used a whole lot more guidance regarding palliative care a whole lot sooner. But you know what they say about hindsight…
I’m not sure why there is still so much confusion about palliative care vs hospice care because they are quite different, though of course they are intertwined as well. Hospice care always incorporates elements of palliative care, but hospice care is certainly not always part of palliative care.
Part of the problem is that so often the two are lumped together. For example, very often you get handed information about palliative and hospice care in the same brochure. This is fine if the distinction is clearly made, but too often it’s not. Why does it matter? Well, because not understanding or misunderstanding about the differences might inhibit a person from seeking out either. And that’s too bad.
What is palliative care?
The goal of palliative care is to help improve a patient’s quality of life by helping her deal with symptoms, discomfort and/or stress of her serious illness. Some of these issues (but not only these) include: pain, fatigue, shortness of breath, nausea, bowel issues, sleep issues, lymphedema, and emotional stress.
Many illnesses may warrant palliative care, not just cancer. Others (again, not just these) include heart disease, lung disease, kidney failure, diabetes, dementia and HIV/AIDS. Any health condition that is seriously interfering with your day-to-day quality of life should qualify.
Receiving palliative care does not mean the patient is on her deathbed. Again, it’s about comfort care and support. I believe palliative care options should be discussed with every cancer patient as part of cancer care protocol.
Receiving palliative care does not mean a patient’s regular medical treatment has ended. A patient can receive both types of care simultaneously.
Palliative care can be delivered by any doctor, as well as by others on a patient’s medical team, but of course, the best option is to receive it from a physician or other professional who has been specifically trained in delivering palliative care. As usual, there’s lots and lots of disparity in this area as well.
Palliative care is available (though of course, you’ll probably have to ask for it) at any point in a patient’s illness – upon diagnosis, throughout treatment and beyond. And palliative care can be offered for a patient of any age, even an infant.
Palliative care can be delivered in a clinic setting, hospital setting, at home or in any extended-care-type facility.
Often palliative care is given using a team approach utilizing the skills of any combination of doctors, nurses, dietitians, psychologists, physical therapists, social workers and others deemed possibly helpful. Every situation is unique.
Palliative care is covered by insurance, Medicare and Medicaid.
To learn more and to find a directory click here.
What is hospice care?
Hospice care is for the patient at the end of his/her life. Generally hospice care is offered when life expectancy is six months or less, but there is flexibility for obvious reasons.
The primary goal of hospice care is the same as for palliative care – providing support, comfort and relief from pain and other symptoms. Family support is a huge component of hospice care as well.
Again, usually hospice care is a team approach with individualized care to meet the needs of each patient and family.
Hospice care is covered by insurance, Medicare and Medicaid.
Generally, active treatment for cancer, or whatever the illness is, ends or significantly lessens in aggressiveness.
Hospice care is often delivered at home, but can also be given in a hospital and other various care facilities. (regrettably, this is something I did not fully understand).
So those are the basic differences between palliative care and hospice care. If I’ve missed anything, please feel free to point it out and I’ll do a little editing. For further information on hospice care click here.
Palliative and hospice care are very important options for a highly specialized kind of care. It’s essential to understand the differences so you can utilize them for yourself or a loved one if and when you ever need to. They are also two more areas where self-advocacy or advocacy via a care giver is absolutely vital. You will need to speak up and speak out when necessary.
As it always should be, there’s no need to suffer in silence.
And as a patient, or as a family member, there’s no need to go it alone here either.
Are you, or have you ever been confused about the differences between palliative care and hospice care?
Do you have personal experience with either type of care and if so, do you have anything you’d like to share about it?
Has incorporating palliative care ever been discussed with you at any point during your cancer treatment?
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